Conference discussion covers environmental impact assessments, sustainable drainage systems and urban forests
A conference for landscape professionals, ‘Soil – meeting the challenges of a changing landscape’, took place on 14 October at the Howbery Park Conference Centre in Wallingford, Oxfordshire to mark the UN’s International Year of Soils. Six industry experts, including conference organiser Tim O’Hare and past president of the Landscape Institute, Sue Illman, presented to 90 delegates, who included landscape architects, garden designers, landscape contractors, topsoil suppliers and tree nurseries.
The conference was the brainchild of soil scientist Tim O’Hare, who has provided soil science consultancy to high-profile public-realm landscape schemes, including the Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park and the regeneration of King’s Cross. His objective for the conference was to provide a platform for debate by the landscape sector on the issues around soil, to give delegates a practical soils tool kit to which they can refer when they next embark on a landscape project, and to ensure soil is elevated to its rightful place in the landscape hierarchy.
Environmental Impact Assessments
First to speak, on the significance of soil in Environmental Impact Assessments, was senior associate at Tim O’Hare Associates, Rob Askew. He discussed the fact that a nationally recognised and industry-accepted standard set of ‘significance criteria’ to help assess the potential impact of infrastructure projects on greenfield soil resources (topsoil and subsoil) does not currently exist. Rob presented examples of bespoke significance criteria for assessing agricultural land and soil resources, which have been used on recent major national Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) projects, including HS2 Phase 1 (London to Birmingham).
Sue Illman of Illman Young Landscape Design, talked about the design of sustainable drainage systems (SuDS), saying that soils are a fundamental part of their function. Her presentation covered the need to understand the geology in SuDS design, the soils required for different sorts of SuDS, issues relating to contaminated land, and point source and blanket infiltration.
Landscape architect Johanna Gibbons of J&L Gibbons addressed city silviculture and the dynamics of the urban landscape. Her discussion ranged from John Evelyn to the rapidly evolving field of urban forestry and expanding urban populations, from the foundations of the notion of sustainability rooted in forestry practice through to the current call to arms by pressure groups such as the Trees and Design Action Group (TDAG) and publications such as ‘No Trees, No Future’. Jo argued for a cross-disciplinary collaborative approach from soil science, community engagement, engineering and ecology in realising the value of the urban forest.
Tim O’Hare’s presentation ‘Practical applications of soil science for today’s landscape’ gave delegates practical information they could apply to their future landscape projects. Drawing on his 23 years’ experience working within the landscape industry he clarified some of the more common soil issues and misunderstandings that arise, including ideas on tree pit design, his opinion on urban tree soil systems, soil requirements for species-rich grasslands, understanding soil pH, and the new 2015 version of BS3882.
With the engaging title ‘The Topsoil Journey – from lovely drop of gear to exact science’, George Longmuir reflected in his presentation on how natural topsoil was bought and sold in the past when greenfield sites were abundant, the ‘muck away’ influence, today’s established topsoil blending operations to produce BS3882 topsoil, and the future of designer soils to meet individual project requirements. He used the London Olympics as a ‘best practice’ case study.
On the ground
John Melmoe, commercial director of landscape contractor Willerby Landscapes, gave the contractor’s perspective on selecting and applying the correct soils for the job, discussing the importance of pre-construction planning, advanced procurement, site testing of soils, correct handling, and hold points during installation. He highlighted projects where soils have had a significant importance and bearing on the contractor’s programme, including Jubilee Park, Chavasse Park, Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park South Park and, more recently, Cubitt Park, King’s Cross.
One surprising theme that emerged from all the presentations was the need to specify soils on a ‘project-specific’ basis and not to rely on the British Standard for Topsoil (BS3882).
Speaking after the conference, Tim O’Hare said, ‘I am delighted with how well the conference was received by all the delegates. We have had tremendous feedback on the quality and relevance of the speakers’ presentations and I really do believe we have put soils back at the top of the landscape agenda. If this means that soils form part of the very early planning stages of future projects – as they should – then this conference will have achieved one of its key objectives.’