Mandarin Oriental, Bodrum is on a waterfront site, set on a series of levels in the resort’s hillside, surrounded by ancient olive groves and pine trees. The landscape vision was to create a seamless connection between the architecture and landscape that charts the romantic journey from Mediterranean pine forest and the garrigue shrubland, to olive groves and savannah. Roof gardens with shallow rooting native planting were established throughout the resort villas, helping not just to blend the resort visually into the hillside but also to increase energy efficiency by reducing summer heat impact and improve thermal insulation.
The landscape practice set up an on-site nursery at the start of construction, allowing juvenile plants to acclimatise and benefit from two seasons of growth. A significant number of existing trees were retained and mature olive trees removed during construction were kept on site and reinstated. Soil from the site was stored and re-used.
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Scape Design Associates
|Type of scheme|
Parks and gardens
Highly commended LI Awards 2016
Euro 4.5 million
To provide landscape architectural services for design of the main entrance, porte cochere, spa, silent beach with restaurant, speciality restaurant and beach bar, jetties, pool area for adult and kids orientated with panoramic views of the Aegean Sea, landscape gardens/ arrivals associated with guestrooms, courtyards including retail, roof terraces.
Landscape practice: Scape Design Associates; client: Astas Holding; operator: Mandarin Oriental; project manager: Arup; architect: Metex; interior designer: Antonio Citterio Patricia Viel & Partners; lighting designer: Metis; signage consultant: Jackson Daley; irrigation consultant: Irritech; kitchen designer: Humble Arnold
The site is located on a sixty hectare coastal hillside at Cennet Koyu with panoramic views over the Aegean Sea and is Mandarin Oriental’s first resort in Europe.
The structural building shell and residential villas were already in place with minimal site planning, no landscape proposals and limited plans for the future of the setting. Scape Design was brought in with architect Antonio Citterio, Metex and engineers Arup, to transform the structural shell into a world class resort, with a world class outlook that aligned with one of Mandarin Oriental’s guiding principles of ‘Acting with Responsibility’.
Scape Design was responsible for the masterplan design and detailing of all external areas including the arrival court, swimming pools, spa gardens,
The Mandarin Oriental Bodrum resort opened in 2014 and was awarded Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) Gold certification in
The main arrival is along a winding road through pine woodland, the enclosure building anticipation to arrive at an open and calm courtyard. The
Asian landscape design concepts are subtly integrated into this Mediterranean environment to reflect the hotel brand's origin. The arrival courtyard reflection pool uses Turkish hand-crafted metal work bowls as the central feature, with moving and cascading water playing a key
The tiered infinity edge pools are framed by a pool bar and planted hillsides, creating panoramic views across the hillside and out to sea. The positioning of the pools is cleverly arranged on the hillside to create areas of open
A wide path winds down through a swathe of scented jasmine, finishing up at a grand entrance to capture ocean views. The design uses water as an element of unification, starting with a large reflection pool at the garden entrance. The pools house floating tea pavilions, a nod to the Asian brand, where guests can enjoy refreshments as they watch water cascade over the stone clad edge, creating a dramatic water curtain that
Situated in an elevated position within the hillside, the gardens are orientated towards the fantastic views of the bay and are more open to benefit from cool sea breezes in the height of summer. Tranquil and calming, the landscape design features relaxation decks, sequential vitality pools, and a hidden sauna buried the rockwork of the garden walls. With a mix of mature and newly planted trees and indigenous plants, guests are
Using the natural contours of the peninsula, small garden terraces were designed around more level areas and existing vegetation to minimise cut and fill. These provide small lawn areas where seating is positioned to take advantage of the shade from ancient olive trees.
Lightweight timber cabanas were designed to be sensitively positioned on site, finding suitable places along the rugged coastline that offered moments of retreat and shelter. The cabanas are designed to visually recede in to the existing landscape setting when viewed from the water.
The design included an area by a beautiful secluded bay, the Silent Beach, and included a steel and timber framed restaurant nestled into the hillside, with dining terraces and scattered seating placed on a new lawn area using the natural ravine and an existing olive grove for shade and shelter.
The SuperJazz Bar floating terrace and year round Sofra restaurant garden terrace spill out from the main hotel building, taking advantage of the elevated long views over the landscape.
The Kurochan Speciality Restaurant lightweight pavilion is nestled within the hillside and takes in views along the main beach. Designed as a temporary structure due to its proximity to the sea, this was set out on site to minimise impact on existing vegetation.
The Assaggio Beach Bar and Restaurant floating jetty is positioned on the water’s edge over natural rock formations with 180 degree sea views.
The Silent Beach Restaurant is sheltered amongst a natural garden of olive groves creating a romantic and tranquil hideaway.
The majority of the 500 trees and 100,000 plants originally came from nurseries in the Izmir region of Turkey, with some specimen semi-mature trees imported from Italy. However, a significant number of trees within the landscape construction area were retained and integrated into the scheme as well as all mature olive trees removed during construction were held in the on-site nursery and reinstated within the design. The natural soil of the site was stored and used for planting, minimising import.
Roof gardens with shallow-rooting native planting were established throughout the resort villas, helping not just to blend the resort visually into the hillside but also to increase energy efficiency by reducing summer heat impact and improving thermal insulation.